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Green Revolution 2.0: All that was old is new again . .

Dozens of villages in South Sulawesi are rediscovering traditional farming methods that improve their diets as well as their families’ finances. Through coastal field schools offered by Blue Forests, villagers are learning to make organic fertilizer and cultivate organic vegetable gardens. Blue Forests also offers field schools for organic shrimp farming, as conventional shrimp farms are a huge detriment to coastal ecosystems including mangroves.

From vulnerability to resilience

While successful examples of large-scale (5 000-10 000 ha) ecological wetland/mangrove rehabilitation projects exist worldwide, mangrove rehabilitation efforts in Indonesia, both large and small, have mainly failed. The majority of projects (both government programs and non-government initiatives) have oversimplified the technical processes of mangrove rehabilitation, favouring the direct planting of a restricted subset of mangrove species (from the family Rhizophoracea), commonly in the lower half of the intertidal system (from Mean Sea Level down to Lowest Atmospheric Tide) where mangroves, by and large, do not naturally grow.

Past and Present on Tanakeke Island

About an hour into the boat ride from Takalar City (population, 10,000)in South Sulawesi, we begin to see empty plastic bottles floating on the surface of the sea—thousands of them. These are not the younger kin of the great garbage flotilla purportedly washed together in the middle of the Pacific Ocean.